The FOEN publishes hydrological data of various quality levels ('release status'):
- Raw data: unaudited raw data. This data may contain errors.
- Provisional data: provisional data is checked initially and corrected if necessary. There may still be changes in these data series.
- Validated data: this is definitive data. It is checked more thoroughly and corrected if necessary. There are generally no further changes to these data series.
Real-time data (graphs of current data, SMS service, 'Meine Pegel' app): raw data.
Forecasts: measured raw data and data based on hydrological forecast models.
Annual tables: provisional or validated data. Provisional data is indicated as such in the table. For groundwater stations, only validated data is published in the tables.
Flood statistics and low-flow statistics: validated data.
Current data: raw data.
Monthly data delivery subscription: provisional or validated data.
Individual data delivery of historical data to clients: raw data, provisional and validated measurement data. The data quality (release status) is indicated on each line of data in the CSV file.
More information on obtaining data:
Current data: The latest measured values (last measured value and graphs) are transmitted directly from FOEN hydrometric stations. This is raw data which is not checked before publication (see above). Raw data and forecast values are published in local time, i.e. summer time UTC+2 (CET), winter time UTC+1 (CET).
Historical data: Historical data undergoes a plausibility check; errors are corrected if necessary (see explanation above). For historical data, the values are given in winter time, i.e. UTC+1 (CET). In exported data files, the time stamp is always indicated at the beginning of the measurement interval.
Water level data is normally collected continuously at the gauging stations. On site, the data logger calculates average values to compensate for fluctuations (e.g. through wave impact). Measurement data is therefore normally recorded in the form of 10- or 5-minute averages (rarely 2-minute averages) at stations on rivers and lakes, or 5-minute instantaneous values at groundwater stations.
Heights in metres above sea level correspond to the Swiss national levelling network LN02.
Data can be used freely; we recommend citing the source.
Suggestion for source citation:
- Surface waters data: Hydrology Division, Federal Office for the Environment FOEN (reference date).
- Groundwater data: NAQUA National Groundwater Monitoring, Hydrology Division, Federal Office for the Environment FOEN (reference date).